How the Human Eye Works
The human eye is like a camera. Light comes in through the cornea, a clear cover that is like the glass of a camera's aperture. The amount of light coming in is controlled by the pupil, an opening that opens and closes a little like a camera shutter.
The light focuses on the retina, a series of light-sensitive cells lining the back of the eye. The retina acts like camera film, reacting to the incoming light and sending a record of it via the optic nerve to the brain.